Publication

Applied Mathematics and Computation

Paper

# Information-theoretic incompleteness

## Abstract

We propose an improved definition of the complexity of a formal axiomatic system: this is now taken to be the minimum size of a self-delimiting program for enumerating the set of theorems of the formal system. Using this new definition, we show (a) that no formal system of complexity n can exhibit a specific object with complexity greater than n+c, and (b) that a formal system of complexity n can determine, at most, n + c scattered bits of the halting probability ω. We also present a short, self-contained proof of (b). © 1992.