IMS 2003
Conference paper

High-performance and area-efficient stacked transformers for RF CMOS integrated circuits


A solenoid layout technique is used to increase the magnetic coupling between the coils in multi-level spiral transformers. Using this technique, transformers with the following performance are measured: (a) magnetic coupling with coupling factor k>0.95 and insertion loss s21 better than 0.8dB at 5GHz; (b) self-resonant frequency Fres>15GHz with peak Q>10. The effect of high and low resistive substrates Is discussed with measured results. Using this structure, the size of the transformer can be reduced from 50 to 400%.