The encoding of information as the modulation of a grid is explored as the means for allowing the extraction of relevant details or features from images. A major aspect of this approach is the replacement of the heuristics in certain image processing tasks by simple Fourier filtering. Specific examples and particular implementations of coding schemes are described in order to show the wide applicability of the concept. The examples chosen fall in the domains of scene analysis, difference extraction from successive images, automatic extraction of range, extraction of features such as planes, recording of three-dimentional imagery, and the processing of a single coded view to give a set of stereo related pairs. © 1972, IEEE. All rights reserved.