Publication
STOC 2012
Conference paper

From query complexity to computational complexity

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Abstract

We consider submodular optimization problems, and provide a general way of translating oracle inapproximability results arising from the symmetry gap technique to computational complexity inapproximability results, where the submodular function is given explicitly (under the assumption that NP ≠ RP). Applications of our technique include an optimal computational hardness of (1/2 + ε)-approximation for maximizing a symmetric nonnegative submodular function, an optimal hardness of (1-(1-1/k) k + ε)-approximation for welfare maximization in combinatorial auctions with k submodular bidders (for constant k), super-constant hardness for maximizing a nonnegative submodular function over matroid bases, and tighter bounds for maximizing a monotone submodular function subject to a cardinality constraint. Unlike the vast majority of computational inapproximability results, our approach does not use the PCP machinery or the Unique Games Conjecture, but relies instead on a direct reduction from Unique-SAT using list-decodable codes. © 2012 ACM.

Date

26 Jun 2012

Publication

STOC 2012

Authors

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