ERSFQ Power Delivery: A Self-Consistent Model/Hardware Case Study
Energy-efficient rapid single flux quantum circuits having zero static power dissipation require a feeding Josephson junction transmission line (FJTL) to stabilize the power bus voltage. It is shown how a FJTL can be configured to obtain a desired current-bias window of constant delay, while preserving operability above and below that range as well, as a tradeoff against power and area. A test chip to validate circuit simulation results is designed with a gridded fabric for power delivery and cell placement, with consideration of passive transmission lines, magnetic flux exclusion, power bus isolation, and thermal noise. Measurements made on hardware fabricated in MIT Lincoln Lab's advanced 8-Nb-layer process correlate well with the model and indicate specific FJTL design challenges that need to be addressed.