CLOUD 2023
Conference paper

Enabling Scalability in the Cloud for Scientific Workflows: An Earth Science Use Case

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Scientific discovery increasingly relies on interoperable, multimodular workflows generating intermediate data. The complexity of managing intermediate data may cause performance losses or unexpected costs. This paper defines an approach to composing these scientific workflows on cloud services, focusing on workflow data orchestration, management, and scalability. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach with the SOMOSPIE scientific workflow that deploys machine learning (ML) models to predict high-resolution soil moisture using an HPC service (LSF) and an open-source cloud-native service (K8s) and object storage. Our approach enables scientists to scale from coarse-grained to fine-grained resolution and from a small to a larger region of interest. Using our empirical observations, we generate a cost model for the execution of workflows with hidden intermediate data on cloud services.