Surface Science

Direct inelastic and trapping desorption scattering of N2 from polycrystalline W; elementary steps in the chemisorption of nitrogen

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Scattering of N2 from a clean polycrystalline W surface is studied with a time-of-flight molecular beam apparatus. The time-of-flight spectra are used to characterize the N2-W energytransfer and condensation, allowing inferences to be made about the initial steps of N2 chemisorption, thought to proceed via a molecular precursor state. The sticking coefficient on our sample for N2 to chemisorb to an atomic nitrogen bound state was 0.5 ± 0.1 5 for a 600 K beam and a 450 K surface temperature. Unreacted N2 scattered into direct and trapping-desorption channels. The direct channel is shown to be entirely inelastic with temperature independent differential energy accommodation coefficients that average 0.46 for normal and specular scattering at 45° incidence angle. The fraction of trapping-desorption scattering diminishes significantly with increasing surface and beam temperature. The observed decrease in sticking coefficient with increase in surface temperature is shown to be due to a diminution of the N2 condensation coefficient as well as an increase in desorption of the N2, recursor relative to its migration-chemisorption. © 1980.