Applied Physics Letters

Colossal magnetoresistance of 1000000-fold magnitude achieved in the antiferromagnetic phase of La1-xCaxMnO3

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Record values of colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) have been achieved in the antiferromagnetic phase of the La1-xCaxMnO3 system. At 125 K, the CMR of the La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 reaches nearly 1 000 000%. It increases exponentially to 100 000 000% at 57 K. While the ground state is primarily an antiferromagnet, application of a magnetic field induces a ferromagnetic alignment of spins that is highly beneficial to the electron conduction. Other ferromagnetic samples exhibit very sharp magnetic phase transitions, with which the magnetotransport is closely correlated.© 1995 American Institute of Physics.