Characterization of Uniformity in Nb/NbxSi1-x/Nb Josephson Junctions

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The uniformity of the barriers in Josephson junctions (JJs) is a critical parameter in determining performance and operating margins for a wide variety of superconducting electronic circuits. We present an automated measurement system capable of measuring individual JJs across a 1 × 1 cm die at both ambient temperature and 4 K. This technique allows visualization of the spatial variation over a large area of the critical electrical properties of the junctions and allows for the direct correlation between room-temperature (RT) resistance and low temperature properties. The critical current variation of NbxSi1-x (x = 15%) barriers is found to be about 2.6% (one standard deviation) for 1024 junctions across an individual die and only weakly correlates with RT resistance measurements.