Publication

SIAM Review

Paper

# A polylogarithmic approximation of the minimum bisection

## Abstract

A bisection of a graph with n vertices is a partition of its vertices into two sets, each of size n/2. The bisection cost is the number of edges connecting the two sets. The problem of finding a bisection of minimum cost is prototypical to graph partitioning problems, which arise in numerous contexts. This problem is NP-hard. We present an algorithm that finds a bisection whose cost is within a factor of O(log1.5 n) from the minimum. For graphs excluding any fixed graph as a minor (e.g., planar graphs) we obtain an improved approximation ratio of O(log n). The previously known approximation ratio for bisection was roughly √n. © 2006 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.