Publication
PACT 2010
Conference paper

A model for fusion and code motion in an automatic parallelizing compiler

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Abstract

Loop fusion has been studied extensively, but in a manner isolated from other transformations. This was mainly due to the lack of a powerful intermediate representation for application of compositions of high-level transformations. Fusion presents strong interactions with parallelism and locality. Currently, there exist no models to determine good fusion structures integrated with all components of an auto-parallelizing compiler. This is also one of the reasons why all the benefits of optimization and automatic parallelization of long sequences of loop nests spanning hundreds of lines of code have never been explored. We present a fusion model in an integrated automatic parallelization framework that simultaneously optimizes for hardware prefetch stream buffer utilization, locality, and parallelism. Characterizing the legal space of fusion structures in the polyhedral compiler framework is not difficult. However, incorporating useful optimization criteria into such a legal space to pick good fusion structures is very hard. The model we propose captures utilization of hardware prefetch streams, loss of parallelism, as well as constraints imposed by privatization and code expansion into a single convex optimization space. The model scales very well to program sections spanning hundreds of lines of code. It has been implemented into the polyhedral pass of the IBM XL optimizing compiler. Experimental results demonstrate its effectiveness in finding good fusion structures for codes including SPEC benchmarks and large applications. An improvement ranging from 5% to nearly a factor of 2.75x is obtained over the current production compiler optimizer on these benchmarks. © 2010 ACM.

Date

11 Sep 2010

Publication

PACT 2010

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