Artificial Intelligence

A guide to completeness and complexity for modal logics of knowledge and belief

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We review and re-examine possible-worlds semantics for propositional logics of knowledge and belief with three particular points of emphasis: (1) we show how general techniques for finding decision procedures and complete axiomatizations apply to models for knowledge and belief, (2) we show how sensitive the difficulty of the decision procedure is to such issues as the choice of modal operators and the axiom system, and (3) we discuss how notions of common knowledge and distributed knowledge among a group of agents fit into the possible-worlds framework, As far as complexity is concerned, we show, among other results, that while the problem of deciding satisfiability of an S5 formula with one agent is NP-complete, the problem for many agents is PSPACE-complete. Adding a distributed knowledge operator does not change the complexity, but once a common knowledge operator is added to the language, the problem becomes complete for exponential time. © 1992.


01 Jan 1992


Artificial Intelligence