Publication
Physical Review B
Paper

Unoccupied electronic states of graphite as probed by inverse-photoemission and tunneling spectroscopy

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Abstract

The unoccupied electronic bulk and surface states of graphite are probed by inverse photoemission at h1/2=9.7 eV and by tunneling spectroscopy, and the results from each method are found to agree very well with each other. In particular, * bands at the bulk Q point are found at EF+1.7 eV. Extrinsic surface states (or defect states) are found around EF+2.5 eV, which can be quenched by activated hydrogen or oxygen and by water at low temperatures, but are also dependent on surface preparation. In contrast, the feature at EF+3.5 eV is left unaffected, questioning an interpretation in terms of intrinsic surface states. Rather, we associate it with the bottom of the three-dimensional interlayer band. © 1986 The American Physical Society.

Date

15 Apr 1986

Publication

Physical Review B

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