Publication
Journal of Statistical Physics
Paper

Transport as a consequence of state-dependent diffusion

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Abstract

Overdamped particles subject to a drift in a force field with sinusoidal space dependence and also a sinusoidally modulated space-dependent diffusion, with the same period as the drift, experience a net driving force. The resulting current depends on the amplitude of the modulation of the diffusion and is a periodic function of the phase difference between the sinusoidal drift and the sinusoidal modulation of the diffusion. For small modulation amplitudes a particle subject to state-dependent noise behaves the same way as a particle subject to thermal noise but with a drift which, in addition to the sinusoidal term, contains a net force term [M. Büttiker, Z. Phys. B68:161 (1987)]. A specific example of this behavior [N. G. van Kampen, IBM J. Res. Dev.32:107 (1988); R. Landauer, J. Stat. Phys.53:233 (1988).] is the motion of overdamped particles in a ring subject to a nonuniform temperature field. When the drift and the temperature, which are periodic with a period equal to the ring circumference, are not in phase a noise-induced circulating current results. © 1989 Plenum Publishing Corporation.

Date

01 Mar 1989

Publication

Journal of Statistical Physics

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