Publication
Physical Review Letters
Paper

Towards a parameter-free characterization of charge transfer via hopping: The case of tris(8-Hydroxyquinolato) aluminum

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Abstract

By using calculations based on density functional theory, we investigate the physical factors determining the elemental charge transfer in Alq3, taken as a prototype of molecular systems in condensed phase. The effect of the environment on the hopping of the charge carrier is evaluated self-consistently in a model in which an Alq3 dimer is embedded in an ensemble of permanent and polarizable dipoles, including orientational disorder and the presence of impurities. The results indicate that the origin of the activation barrier is mainly extrinsic and that the local orientation of the dipole moments plays a major role. The influence of nonadiabaticity is also studied and found to be more important for a hole than for an electron. © 2007 The American Physical Society.

Date

12 Feb 2007

Publication

Physical Review Letters

Authors

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