Materials Science and Engineering: B
Conference paper

Thermal stability of SrRuO3 epitaxial layers under forming-gas anneal

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Perovskite SrRuO3 films are promising candidates as metallic electrodes in high-permittivity (high k) capacitors and possibly in fully epitaxial CMOS stacks. The thermal stability of SrRuO3 during forming-gas (FG) anneal is an important requirement and is investigated here by in situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electrical resistivity measurements. A weak and smooth increase of the resistivity is observed above 300°C and is attributed to the effect of hydrogen diffusion. It is followed by a sharp transition at 500°C into a highly resistive state due to the decomposition of the SrRuO3. We found that the addition of about 1% O2 in the FG prevents both the onset of resistivity at 300°C and the decomposition of the oxide. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.