Journal of Physical Chemistry C

Synthesis of colloidal PbSe/PbS core-shell nanowires and PbS/Au nanowire-nanocrystal heterostructures

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The oriented attachment of PbSe nanocrystals results in single-crystalline colloidal PbSe nanowires. The addition of different surfactants allows tailoring nanowire morphology, choosing between straight, zigzag, helical, and branched nanowires. In this work, we studied the formation of coaxial PbSe/PbS core-shell heterostructures and observed Stranski-Krastanov growth regime of PbS shell on PbSe nanowires at low reaction temperature (150°C) that switched to layer-by-layer epitaxial growth above 180°C. The protection of PbSe nanowires with a PbS shell substantially improves the nanowire stability against oxidation. We also developed a technique for controllable decoration of colloidal PbSe nanowires with Au nanoparticles and found that the morphology of nanowire template had a strong effect on nucleation and growth of gold nanoparticles. © 2007 American Chemical Society.