Publication
Physical Review B
Paper

Screening of hot-carrier relaxation in highly photoexcited semiconductors

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Abstract

The carrier density dependence of the hot-carrier energy relaxation rate in highly photoexcited semiconductors is investigated. Results of these calculations indicate important differences between polar direct-gap and nonpolar indirect-gap materials. The critical carrier density (Nc) for the onset of screening in polar semiconductors is found to increase with both effective mass and phonon energy. A method for predicting trends among these materials with respect to Nc is briefly described. Calculations for GaAs predict that the hot-carrier cooling rate begins to decrease at Nc 6×1016 cm-3. Above this density the phonon emission frequency falls rapidly. In contrast, the effects of screening in Si are shown to be negligible for N1019 cm-3. In this case, a significant reduction in the energy relaxation rate does not occur until N1021 cm-3. © 1981 The American Physical Society.

Date

15 Feb 1981

Publication

Physical Review B

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