WACV 2000
Conference paper

Robust fingerprint authentication using local structural similarity

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Fingerprint matching is challenging as the matcher has to minimize two competing error rates: the False Accept Rate and the False Reject Rate. We propose a novel, efficient, accurate and distortion-tolerant fingerprint authentication technique based on graph representation. Using the fingerprint minutiae features, a labeled, and weighted graph of minutiae is constructed for both the query fingerprint and the reference fingerprint. In the first phase, we obtain a minimum set of matched node pairs by matching their neighborhood structures. In the second phase, we include more pairs in the match by comparing distances with respect to matched pairs obtained in first phase. An optional third phase, extending the neighborhood around each feature, is entered if we cannot arrive at a decision based on the analysis in first two phases. The proposed algorithm has been tested with excellent results on a large private livescan database obtained with optical scanners.


04 Dec 2000


WACV 2000