Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation

Quantile-Frequency Analysis and Deep Learning for Signal Classification

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This paper proposes a new method for signal classification based on a combination of deep-learning (DL) image classifiers and recently introduced nonlinear spectral analysis technique called quantile-frequency analysis (QFA). The QFA method converts a one-dimensional signal into a two-dimensional representation of quantile periodograms (QPER) which represent the signal’s oscillatory behavior in the frequency domain at different quantiles. With a moving window, the QFA method can also covert a signal into a sequence of such two-dimensional representations, called short-time quantile periodograms, that are localized in time to represent the signal’s time-dependent or nonstationary properties. The DL image classifiers take these representations as input for signal classification. The benefit of this QFA-DL classification method in comparison with the traditional frequency-domain method based on the power spectrum and spectrogram is demonstrated by a numerical experiment using real-world ultrasound signals from a nondestructive evaluation application.


29 Apr 2023


Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation