Physical Review B

Pressure dependence of the metal-insulator transition in the charge-transfer oxides RNiO3 (R=Pr,Nd,Nd0.7La0.3)

View publication


We have investigated the pressure dependence (up to 20 kbar) of the metal-insulator (MI) transition displayed by the orthorhombic perovskites RNiO3 (R=Nd, Pr, and Nd0.7La0.3) by means of electrical resistance measurements. The transition temperature decreases under pressure, with a common rate of decrease of dTMI/dP=-4.2 K/kbar, in spite of differences in TMI (100-200 K). On the basis of the structural effects associated with the application of pressure in these orthorhombic perovskites, we conclude that the metallic phase is stabilized by pressure because the bandwidth increases and hence the charge-transfer gap is reduced. This decrease with pressure of the charge-transfer gap in the RNiO3 perovskites is in contrast to the dependence predicted and observed in the layered cuprates where the charge-transfer energy dominates the bandwidth effects. In addition, our experiments show that the first-order phase transformation occurring at TMI is inhibited by pressure, and hence a larger proportion of metallic phase occurs, which leads to an apparent reentrant metallic behavior at low temperature. © 1993 The American Physical Society.