Publication
IEEE Transactions on Communications
Paper

Overflow Analysis for Finite Waiting Room Systems

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Abstract

This paper studies a system of multiple primary queues with finite waiting rooms where blocked jobs are allowed to overflow onto a common secondary queue, also with finite waiting room. Poisson arrivals and exponentially distributed service times, possibly different ones, are assumed at each primary service facility. Service facilities consist of a single or multiple servers. Based on a simple iterative expression for the Laplace-Stieltjes transform of the interoverflow time distribution, the peakedness of the overflow process from primary queues is studied as a function of the number of primary servers and buffers as well as the original primary load. Interesting behaviors and relations are identified for extreme cases (low offered load or large waiting rooms), and illustrated with numerical examples. Based on the knowledge on the peakedness of the overflow process, an approximation consisting of a natural extension of Hayward's formula to finite waiting room systems is then proposed to estimate the blocking seen by the overflow traffic offered to the secondary service facility. Numerous numerical examples, covering a wide range of systems, are used to illustrate and study the accuracy of the approximation. It is found to be good over a wide range of loads for systems with a single primary queue, as well as at high load for systems with multiple primary queues. A comparison to another extension of Hayward's formula introduced by Whitt is also performed. © 1990 IEEE

Date

01 Jan 1990

Publication

IEEE Transactions on Communications

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