QCE 2023
Conference paper

Optimal Qubit Reuse for Near-Term Quantum Computers

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Near-term quantum computations are limited by high error rates, the scarcity of qubits and low qubit connectivity. Increasing support for mid-circuit measurements and qubit reset in near-term quantum computers enables qubit reuse that may yield quantum computations with fewer qubits and lower errors. In this work, we introduce a formal model for qubit reuse optimization that delivers provably optimal solutions with respect to quantum circuit depth, number of qubits, or number of swap gates for the first time. This is in contrast to related work where qubit reuse is used heuristically or optimally but without consideration of the mapping effort. We further investigate reset errors on near-term quantum computers by performing reset error characterization experiments. Using the hereby obtained reset error characterization and calibration data of a near-term quantum computer, we then determine a qubit assignment that is optimal with respect to a given cost function. We define this cost function to include gate errors and decoherence as well as the individual reset error of each qubit. We found the reset fidelity to be state-dependent and to range, depending on the reset qubit, from 67.5% to 100% in a near-term quantum computer. We demonstrate the applicability of the developed method to a number of quantum circuits and show improvements in the number of qubits and swap gate insertions, estimated success probability, and Hellinger fidelity of the investigated quantum circuits.


17 Sep 2023


QCE 2023