Publication
Journal of Applied Physics
Paper

Neutron transmutation doping of silicon and other semiconducting materials

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Abstract

Neutron transmutation doping provides a convenient means to shift the doping level and the Fermi energy in semiconductors. In order to understand this shift quantitatively, the position of the Fermi energy EF as a function of the doping level C [EF(C) characteristic] is calculated and discussed for semiconductors with arbitrary distribution of localized levels. It is shown how the EF(C) characteristic depends on the presence of defect levels in the forbidden gap. In particular, EF is pinned at energy with large density of localized levels, corresponding to a high stability of EF against variations of C. A quantitative measure of this stability is introduced with the derivative kTdC/dEF for the EF (C) characteristic. This leads to a new method to determine experimentally the energetic position and concentrations of defects in semiconductors. The method seems to be applicable not only to crystalline semiconductors such as Si or GaAs but also to amorphous silicon.

Date

01 Dec 1981

Publication

Journal of Applied Physics

Authors

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