Publication
ICASSP 2015
Conference paper

Nearest neighbor based i-vector normalization for robust speaker recognition under unseen channel conditions

View publication

Abstract

Many state-of-the-art speaker recognition engines use i-vectors to represent variable-length acoustic signals in a fixed low-dimensional total variability subspace. While such systems perform well under seen channel conditions, their performance greatly degrades under unseen channel scenarios. Accordingly, rapid adaptation of i-vector systems to unseen conditions has recently attracted significant research effort from the community. To mitigate this mismatch, in this paper we propose nearest neighbor based i-vector mean normalization (NN-IMN) and i-vector smoothing (IS) for unsupervised adaptation to unseen channel conditions within a state-of-the-art i-vector/PLDA speaker verification framework. A major advantage of the approach is its ability to handle multiple unseen channels without explicit retraining or clustering. Our observations on the DARPA Robust Automatic Transcription of Speech (RATS) speaker recognition task suggest that part of the distortion caused by an unseen channel may be modeled as an offset in the i-vector space. Hence, the proposed nearest neighbor based normalization technique is formulated to compensate for such a shift. Experimental results with the NN based normalized i-vectors indicate that, on average, we can recover 46% of the total performance degradation due to unseen channel conditions.

Date

04 Aug 2015

Publication

ICASSP 2015

Authors

Share