Surface Science

Modulated photoemission spectroscopy: Application to Au

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We describe modulated photoemission spectroscopy, in which an internal (sample) parameter such as temperature, or an external (apparatus) parameter such as wavelength is varied. A general formalism is developed for modulated photoemission spectroscopy and then illustrated using temperature modulated photoemission spectra and yields for Au obtained in the ∼ 6 to 11.6 eV photon energy range. Modulated s-p band photoemission data are described in terms of photoemission critical points in order to explain the nature of the modulated structures in the s-p band region and relate experiment to energy band thresholds obtained from a recent band calculation for Au. Application of the formalism to modulated d-band emission leads to a method for extracting d-band deformation potentials. For example, we find that the upper d band edge moves upward with respect to EF at a rate of 2 to 6 × 10-4 eV/K. Modulation of the quantum yield is described and our measurements are compared with modulated optical data. © 1973.


01 Jan 1973


Surface Science