# Matrix variational calculations of electron scattering by C, N, and O atoms

## Abstract

Total elastic cross sections for electron scattering by ground-state C, N, and O atoms have been computed by the matrix-variational method for energies up to the first n=3 excitation. Two levels of approximation are considered: single configuration (SC) and near-degenerate configuration interaction (CI). Both approximations neglect the principal effects of target-atom electric-dipole polarizability. The SC calculations are the variational equivalent of earlier close-coupling calculations including all states of the ground configuration 2s22pm. The CI calculations augment this with configurations 2s2pm+1 and 2pm+2. The short-range correlations introduced by the CI calculations are found to have dramatic effects on resonance structures found at low energies in SC calculations. In addition to the well-established negative-ion bound states C-(So4) bound and O-(Po2), the CI calculations give qualitative predictions of the true location of other 2s22pm+1 states: C-(Do2) bound; C-(Po2) resonance near 1 eV; N-(P3) very near threshold, either weakly bound or a very narrow resonance; no O- resonance. A method for precise location of these negative-ion states is proposed. © 1974 The American Physical Society.