Future Generation Computer Systems

Job placement advisor based on turnaround predictions for HPC hybrid clouds

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Several companies and research institutes are moving their CPU-intensive applications to hybrid High Performance Computing (HPC) cloud environments. Such a shift depends on the creation of software systems that help users decide where a job should be placed considering execution time and queue wait time to access on-premise clusters. Relying blindly on turnaround prediction techniques will affect negatively response times inside HPC cloud environments. This paper introduces a tool to make job placement decisions in HPC hybrid cloud environments taking into account the inaccuracy of execution and waiting time predictions. We used job traces from real supercomputing centers to run our experiments, and compared the performance between environments using real speedup curves. We also extended a state-of-the-art machine learning based predictor to work with data from the cluster scheduler. Our main findings are as follows: (i) depending on workload characteristics, there is a turning point where predictions should be disregarded in favor of a more conservative decision to minimize job turnaround times and (ii) scheduler data plays a key role in improving predictions generated with machine learning using job trace data—our experiments showed around 20% prediction accuracy improvements.