Publication
Journal of Applied Physics
Paper

Ion beam oxidation

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Abstract

We describe a new technique for controlled oxide growth using a directed low-energy ion beam. The technique is evaluated by fabricating Ni-oxide-Ni and Cr-oxide-Ni tunneling junctions, using oxygen ion beams with energies ranging from 30 to 180 eV. High ion current densities are achieved at these low energies by replacing the conventional dual grid extraction system of the ion source with a single fine mesh grid. Junction resistance decreases with increasing ion energy, and oxidation time dependence shows a characteristic saturation, both consistent with a process of simultaneous oxidation and sputter etching, as in the rf oxidation process. In contrast with rf oxidized junctions, however, ion beam oxidized junctions contain less contamination by backsputtering, and the quantitative nature of ion beam techniques allows greater control over the growth process.

Date

01 Dec 1981

Publication

Journal of Applied Physics

Authors

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