Publication
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Paper

Galvanomagnetic effects in amorphous film alloys

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Abstract

Measurements of the spontaneous Hall effect and magnetization of a series of rare earth-transition metal amorphous film alloys fit a model that the Hall asymmetric scattering is simply the sum of the Hall angles of the alloy components. Alloys of the form Gd.2(TM).8 where TM is Mn, Fe, Co or Ni show a maximum of ρH/ρ the Hall angle, (where ρH is the Hall resistivity and ρ the sample resistivity) for Gd.2Fe.8 of 6%. We find that other rare earth elements have lower ρH/ρ ratios than Gd and that Nd-Fe alloys exhibit a smaller ρH/ρ than Gd-Fe because the Nd moments are in an disordered state. Of the alloys studied Gd.2Fe.8 is suitable for a Hall sensor because Rs the spontaneous Hall coefficient (ρH = Rs4πM) is also large, approximately 10−2µ Ωcm/G. This is because Gd.2Fe.8 is a nearly compensated ferrimagnet and 4πM is low. The anisotropic magnetoresistance in rare earth-transition metal alloys is about 0.1 to 0.2% and does not scale with ρ. The Corbino disc type magnetoresistance is found to be smaller than expected because in the demagnetized state magnetic domains remain effective Hall scatterers. © 1977, IEEE. All rights reserved.

Date

01 Jan 1977

Publication

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics

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