Publication
Physical Review Letters
Paper

Four-terminal phase-coherent conductance

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Abstract

A conductance formula for a sample of arbitrary shape with four terminals is derived to describe transport in the limit where carriers can traverse the sample without suffering phase-destroying events. The Onsager-Casimir symmetry relations are deduced. Experiments measure an off-diagonal Onsager coefficient and the magnetoconductance of such a sample is asymmetric even in the presence of an Aharonov-Bohm flux only. Symmetry relations between conductance measurements which exchange the role of current and voltage leads are predicted. © 1986 The American Physical Society.

Date

06 Oct 1986

Publication

Physical Review Letters

Authors

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