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Physical Review
Paper

Ferrimagnetic resonance relaxation in rare-earth iron garnets

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Abstract

A quantitative analysis has been made of the ferrimagnetic resonance relaxation in rare-earth iron garnets. The data considered consist of measurements of the ferrimagnetic resonance linewidth of yttrium-iron garnet substituted with neodymium, samarium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, and ytterbium taken from 4.2°K to just below the Curie point as well as measurements of other investigators for terbium and thulium. The data are conveniently divided into the two groups of odd and even electrons ions. The ions in each group bahave in a similar manner, the only exceptions being thulium and ytterbium. It is assumed that all the relaxation occurs through the strongly relaxing rare-earth ions but we find that both the "fast-relaxation" theory of de Gennes, Kittel, and Portis and the "slow-relaxation" theory of Clogston and Van Vleck and Orbach fail to provide agreement with experiment. We have, however, formulated an empirical relation containing a relaxation term of the "slow-relaxation" type that provides an excellent fit to the data when one regards the relaxation of the rare earth as being the familiar one-ion spin-lattice relaxation due to the direct (one-phonon) and Orbach (two-phonon) processes. The observed temperature dependence of the linewidth is satisfactorily accounted for if one assumes the direct process for the odd electron ions and the Orbach process for the even electron ions. In the case of thulium one finds it necessary to assume the direct process and for ytterbium one finds evidence for both processes, the direct process being dominant at low temperatures and the Orbach process dominant at high temperatures. The analysis allows evaluation of the iron rare-earth exchange frequency and the rare-earth relaxation parameters. The exchange frequencies are found to be in good agreement with the values obtained by other investigators. In the one case where independent relaxation time measurements exist, that of samarium-iron garnet, the behavior we find from the linewidth measurements agrees with that found by Caspari et al. by γ-γ correlation experiments. The frequency dependence predicted by the empirical relation is also in accord with experiment and a quanitative calculation of the frequency dependence of the peak value of the linewidth and the temperature of the linewidth peak yields excellent agreement with the data of Dillon for terbium. © 1964 The American Physical Society.

Date

03 Feb 1964

Publication

Physical Review

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