Publication
EJOR
Paper

Dynamic demand fulfillment in spare parts networks with multiple customer classes

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Abstract

We study real-time demand fulfillment for networks consisting of multiple local warehouses, where spare parts of expensive technical systems are kept on stock for customers with different service contracts. Each service contract specifies a maximum response time in case of a failure and hourly penalty costs for contract violations. Part requests can be fulfilled from multiple local warehouses via a regular delivery, or from an external source with ample capacity via an expensive emergency delivery. The objective is to minimize delivery cost and penalty cost by smartly allocating items from the available network stock to arriving part requests. We propose a dynamic allocation rule that belongs to the class of one-step lookahead policies. To approximate the optimal relative cost, we develop an iterative calculation scheme that estimates the expected total cost over an infinite time horizon, assuming that future demands are fulfilled according to a simple static allocation rule. In a series of numerical experiments, we compare our dynamic allocation rule with the optimal allocation rule, and a simple but widely used static allocation rule. We show that the dynamic allocation rule has a small optimality gap and that it achieves an average cost reduction of 7.9% compared to the static allocation rule on a large test bed containing problem instances of real-life size. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Date

16 Jul 2013

Publication

EJOR