Publication
Physical Review
Paper

Cr3+ fluorescence in garnets and other crystals

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Abstract

The results of a study of the sharp-line fluorescence of Cr3+ in a number of crystals is presented. The host crystals were several diamagnetic garnets, a spinel, and emerald. The results are used to discuss two aspects of the sharp-line energy levels. First, some of the dynamical aspects are considered. The measurements of the temperature dependence of the sharp no-phonon R-line positions, linewidths, and efficiencies are in reasonable agreement with the existing theory. The theory assumes a simple form for the interaction of the Cr3+ energy levels with the phonons and uses a Debye density of states. The phonon-assisted radiation is also discussed. Second, some of the static aspects of the energy levels are considered. The splittings between the no-phonon R lines along with splittings of the ground states of the Cr3+ in the same crystals are compared with the predictions of existing theories. Here the agreement is very poor. The experimental data show the difference between the Cr3+ energy levels, when odd terms in addition to usual even crystal-field terms exist. The data also indicate some large nonlinearities between the energy-level splittings and the crystal field. © 1965 The American Physical Society.

Date

30 Aug 1965

Publication

Physical Review

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