Publication
ASE 2022
Conference paper

CARGO: AI-Guided Dependency Analysis for Migrating Monolithic Applications to Microservices Architecture

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Abstract

Microservices Architecture (MSA) has become a de-facto standard for designing cloud-native enterprise applications due to its efficient infrastructure setup, service availability, elastic scalability, dependability, and better security. Existing (monolithic) systems must be decomposed into microservices to harness these characteristics. Since manual decomposition of large scale applications can be laborious and error-prone, AI-based systems to decompose applications are gaining popularity. However, the usefulness of these approaches is limited by the expressiveness of the program representation and their inability to model the application's dependency on critical external resources such as databases. Consequently, partitioning recommendations offered by current tools result in architectures that result in (a) distributed monoliths, and/or (b) force the use of (often criticized) distributed transactions. This work attempts to overcome these challenges by introducing CARGO (short for Context-sensitive lAbel pRopaGatiOn) - a novel un-/semi-supervised partition refinement technique that uses a context- and flow-sensitive system dependency graph of the monolithic application to refine and thereby enrich the partitioning quality of the current state-of-the-art algorithms. CARGO was used to augment four state-of-the-art microservice partitioning techniques (comprised of 1 industrial tool and 3 open-source projects). These were applied on five Java EE applications (comprised of 1 proprietary and 4 open source projects). Experiments show that CARGO is capable of improving the partition quality of all four partitioning techniques. Further, CARGO substantially reduces distributed transactions, and a real-world performance evaluation of a benchmark application (deployed under varying loads) shows that CARGO also lowers the overall the latency of the deployed microservice application by 11% and increases throughput by 120% on average.

Date

19 Sep 2022

Publication

ASE 2022