Variational quantum eigensolver (VQE) is an appealing candidate for the application of near-term quantum computers. A technique introduced in [Higgot et al., Quantum 3, 156 (2019)10.22331/q-2019-07-01-156], which is named variational quantum deflation (VQD), has extended the ability of the VQE framework for finding excited states of a Hamiltonian. However, no method to evaluate transition amplitudes between the eigenstates found by the VQD without using any costly Hadamard-test-like circuit has been proposed despite its importance for computing properties of the system such as electronic oscillator strengths of molecules. Here we propose a method to evaluate transition amplitudes between the eigenstates obtained by the VQD avoiding any Hadamard-test-like circuit. Our method relies only on the ability to estimate overlap between two states, so it does not restrict to the VQD eigenstates and applies for general situations. To support the significance of our method, we provide a comparison of three previously proposed methods to find excited states with numerical simulation of three molecules (lithium hydride, diazene, and azobenzene) and find that the VQD method exhibits the best performance among the three methods within the scope of noiseless simulation. Finally, we demonstrate the validity of our method by calculating the oscillator strength of lithium hydride, comparing results from numerical simulations and real-hardware experiments on the cloud enabled quantum computer IBMQ Rome. Our results illustrate the superiority of the VQD to find excited states and widen its applicability to various quantum systems.