Frontiers of Computer Science in China

An effective framework for characterizing rare categories

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Rare categories become more and more abundant and their characterization has received little attention thus far. Fraudulent banking transactions, network intrusions, and rare diseases are examples of rare classes whose detection and characterization are of high value. However, accurate characterization is challenging due to high-skewness and nonseparability from majority classes, e. g., fraudulent transactions masquerade as legitimate ones. This paper proposes the RACH algorithm by exploring the compactness property of the rare categories. This algorithm is semi-supervised in nature since it uses both labeled and unlabeled data. It is based on an optimization framework which encloses the rare examples by a minimum-radius hyperball. The framework is then converted into a convex optimization problem, which is in turn effectively solved in its dual form by the projected subgradient method. RACH can be naturally kernelized. Experimental results validate the effectiveness of RACH. © 2012 Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


31 Mar 2012


Frontiers of Computer Science in China