Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology

An automated system for epileptogenic focus localization in the electroencephalogram

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This paper describes an automated system for the detection and localization of foci of epileptiform activity in the EEG. The system detects sharp EEG transients (STs) in the process, but the emphasis is on epileptic focus localization. A combination of techniques involving signal processing, pattern recognition, and the expert rules of an experienced electroencephalographer, involving considerable spatiotemporal context information, is applied to multichannel EEG data. An overall emphasis on minimizing the number of false-positive sharp transient detections drives the system design. Tested on data from 13 subjects with epileptiform activity and 5 controls, all areas of focal epileptiform activity were detected by the system, although not all of the contributing foci were reported separately. Two false-positive foci were detected as well due to nonfocal spike activity and normal spike-like activity not present in the training set. The system detected 95.7% of the epileptiform events constituting the correctly detected foci, with a false detection rate of 11.1%.