Publication
IEEE TC
Paper

Adaptive Fault-Tolerant Routing in Hypercube Multicomputers

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Abstract

A connected hypercube with faulty links and/or nodes is called an injured hypercube. To enable any nonfaulty node to communicate with any other nonfaulty node in an injured hypercube, the information on component failures has to be made available to non-faulty nodes so as to route messages around the faulty components. We propose first a distributed adaptive fault-tolerant routing scheme for an injured hypercube in which each node is required to know only the condition of its own links. Despite its simplicity, this scheme is shown to be capable of routing messages successfully in an injured n-dimensional hypercube as long as the number of faulty components is less than n. Moreover, it is proved that this scheme routes messages via shortest paths with a rather high probability and the expected length of a resulting path is very close to that of a shortest path. Due to the insufficient information on faulty components, however, the paths chosen by the above scheme may not always be the shortest. To guarantee all messages to be routed via shortest paths, we propose to equip every node with more information than that on its own links. The effects of this additional information on routing efficiency are analyzed, and the additional information to be kept at each node for the shortest path routing is determined. © 1990 IEEE

Date

01 Jan 1990

Publication

IEEE TC

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