Publication
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Paper

“1/f noise” in music: Music from 1/f noise

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Abstract

The spectral density of fluctuations in the audio power of many musical selections and of English speech varies approximately as 1/f (f is the frequency) down to a frequency of 5X10-4Hz. This result implies that the audio-power fluctuations are correlated over all times in the same manner as “1/f noise'” in electronic components. The frequency fluctuations of music also have a 1/f spectral density at frequencies down to the inverse of the length of the piece of music. The frequency fluctuations of English speech have a quite different behavior, with a single characteristic time of about 0.1 s, the average length of a syllable. The observations on music suggest that 1 /f noise is a good choice for stochastic composition. Compositions in which the frequency and duration of each note were determined by 1/f noise sources sounded pleasing. Those generated by white-noise sources sounded too random, while those generated by l/fnoise sounded too correlated. © 1978 Acoustical Society of America

Date

01 Jan 1978

Publication

Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

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