In this review article, we discuss state-of-the-art methods for immobilizing functional receptors in microfluidic devices. Strategies used to immobilize receptors in such devices are essential for the development of specific, sensitive (bio)chemical assays that can be used for a wide range of applications. In the first section, we review the principles and the chemistry of immobilization techniques that are the most commonly used in microfluidics. We afterward describe immobilization methods on static surfaces from microchannel surfaces to electrode surfaces with a particular attention to opportunities offered by hydrogel surfaces. Finally, we discuss immobilization methods on mobile surfaces with an emphasis on both magnetic and non-magnetic microbeads, and finally, we highlight recent developments of new types of mobile supports.