15 Jun 2021
News

# Fraunhofer goes quantum: IBM’s Quantum System One comes to Europe

Europe's largest application-oriented research organization Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft received a special multi-package delivery from overseas a few months ago. Inside was an IBM Quantum System One—which until now had only existed in IBM’s New York-based data center.

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is betting that Quantum System One will pave the way to future industrial applications of this new way of computation. It should also lead to ever more research and help develop a global quantum-ready workforce. It’s the first step towards commercially scaling IBM’s quantum computing technology. In July, a quantum computer in Japan will join its Fraunhofer cousin, and in the not too distant future one will also be installed at Cleveland Clinic in Ohio.

“Quantum computing opens up new possibilities for industry and society,” says Hannah Venzl, the coordinator of Fraunhofer Competence Network Quantum Computing. “Drugs and vaccines could be developed more quickly, climate models improved, logistics and transport systems optimized, or new materials better simulated. To make it all happen, to actively shape the rapid development in quantum computing, we need to build up expertise in Europe.”

Indeed—, and the world, too.

Building up expertise is vital to create a quantum industry. We expect that within the decade, we will achieve a “quantum advantage”—the point when quantum computers will provide more-accurate, computationally cheaper solutions; or even allow us to calculate solutions to problems we can't solve today. When that happens, these machines are likely to change the world. But the world needs to be ready for them—with a skilled, creative, results-driven talent.

That’s our quantum future—and with these machines now starting to pop up across the globe, it may be closer than you think.

## Tackling the quantum talent shortage

Fraunhofer’s new addition is mirror-black and shiny. Behind the system’s giant doors, made of the same glass protecting the Mona Lisa in the Louvre, there is a cylinder-like structure. Inside is the 27-qubit Falcon processor, IBM's most-advanced, hard-tech quantum processor. It's kept at a temperature colder than outer space, with qubits that have long coherence times—how long they remain in their quantum state—and precise, low-noise operations of about 10-20 watts.